Musical data from ancient Greek and Roman music can only be obtained from archaeology. Unearthed paintings and sculptures, as well as a small amount of poetry, literary and philosophical works can be understood, but it is almost impossible to listen to and appreciate them. Two Homer epics from the 12th to the 8th century BC reflect the musical culture of ancient Greece.
The time is about 3200 BC to 400 AD. This part of the music material can only be obtained from archaeology.
From paintings, sculptures and some surviving poems and philosophical works, it is possible to understand, but it is almost impossible to listen and appreciate. According to statistics, there are less than 10 scores left at this stage. However, from the remaining sculptures and other cultural heritage, we can see the glory and achievements that once existed. All great philosophers in ancient Greece were discussing and studying music, which was later regarded as the source of Western music.
Two Homer epics from the 12th century BC to the 8th century BC reflect the musical culture of ancient Greece. The epic itself is both a literary work and a musical piece, which is sung under the professional “adair” accompaniment, called Kithara.
In 776 BC, the ancient Olympic Games began to be held, often accompanied by music in the game, and later there was a music competition.
From the 7th century BC to the 6th century BC, Sparta regarded music as an important means of national activities and education.
Music is further developed.
In 146 BC, after Rome conquered Greece, its culture was mainly benefited from Greece, and it also absorbed the civilizations of Syria, Babylon, Egypt and other countries.