The traditional Vietnamese music depicts the beautiful dancers of Dongshan bronze drums dancing under the accompaniment of musical instruments, as well as the stone carvings of Ndut Lien Krat in the southern plateau, which proves the importance of music and dance in Vietnam for more than 2,500 years.
Like other art, Vietnamese music has been influenced by China for many years; as early as the Han Dynasty, it was ruled by China for more than 1,000 years until the end of the Tang Dynasty, and it became an independent country. In addition, the long process of moving south from the Red River Delta In it, it also absorbs the essence of many Hindu music. In the Ming Dynasty, Vietnam once again became a vassal state of China. However, in the second half of the 16th century, due to the decline of court music, the popular chamber music of the upper class was spread to the folk, and there were flute, yueqin, liuqin, violin, Zhengqin and other musical instruments. Harmony is spread to the people.
At the end of the 16th century, politics led to the split between the North and the South, and music was divided into two parts. The southern witchcraft music is dominated by court music chamber music, while folk drama music is further developed in the north. In the early 19th century, Vietnam became a French colony and was influenced by Europe. The main difference between North and South music is the difference in scale. The scale of the North is similar to that of China. Sol-la-do-re-mi has a vivid melody. The south is redeveloped and melodious.
In general, Vietnamese music is mainly ensemble music. Most of the court ensemble and theatrical ensemble music come from China. The instrumental ensemble is called “5 unique”, the ensemble of five instruments – Zheng, Huqin, Yueqin, 琵琶 and 3 strings – music. Opera’s ensemble instruments are similar to Peking Opera because they are typical ensemble music.Every region in Vietnam has its own musical tradition. There are more than 50 ethnic minorities in the country. In general, Vietnamese music is divided into two categories, one is Beijing music or northern music influenced by China; the other is slower. The southern tune has a sentimental sense of dominance.