Persian music. Iran, located on the Iranian plateau in southwest Asia, is an ancient civilization with a long history. Persian music had an important influence on the formation and development of islamic music. Later, although it belongs to the category of islamic music, it still retains its unique national characteristics.
Iran, located on the Iranian plateau in southwest Asia, is an ancient civilization with a long history. Persian music had an important influence on the formation and development of islamic music. Later, although it belongs to the category of islamic music, it still retains its unique national characteristics.
According to the ancient Greek historian Herodotus, during the Persian empire (550-330 BC), the persians sang hymns at religious services. The Greek writer Xenophon noted that the persians sang a paean to heroism for the assyrians. Thus it can be seen that ancient Persian music played a certain role in religious rituals and social life.
The sasang period (224~651) was the heyday of ancient Persian culture, and music played an important role in the life of royal nobles. Because the court attached great importance to music, many famous musicians appeared in this period, such as tamer, azad, shilling, babard and so on. Among them, balbard created a music system that corresponded to the sasan calendar, such as “7 royal modes”, “30 submodes” and 360 melodies. Bas-relief carvings on the ruins of tucker yi bostan and silver carvings of the sassanian dynasty vividly depict the instruments used by the persians during the sassanian period, such as converters (Persian upright curved harp), balbata (short-necked lute), ruba ibi (double resonant lute), nixiao, su na and tabla. In the middle of the seventh century, the persians were conquered by the arabs. Because Persian music melodies euphemistic, full of romantic color and elegant poetry, loved by arabs. In the early days of the Arab empire, Persian style Arabic music was all the rage; The persians also contributed a lot to the establishment of the Arab music theory. For example, father and son ibrahim musri and iskhaq musri, who are important figures in the history of Arab music, complete songwriters, Isfahan, and the famous music theorist safi din are Persian. Persian instruments also spread to Arabia, the most influential of which was the basbart instrument, which was introduced into the Arabian peninsula in the early islamic period, and then gradually combined with the ancient Arabic instrument mizhar to evolve into the representative islamic instrument oud.