Interview this month: Mamady Youla, the head of government at Open Heart
Conakry, January 4, 2018 — the past two years, maadeira has served as prime minister and head of the guinean government. This interview is an opportunity to enlighten public opinion, which is the achievement and major reform of good governance since the appointment. It is also a chance to re-examine some of the prospects he intends to achieve in the coming months.
Mr. Prime minister, thank you for welcoming us on the first question of the government gazette this year. If you don’t mind, let’s head back for some time, prime minister. About two years ago, professor alpha conte won a second term with 58 percent of the vote. This allowed him to continue the project he conceived during his first term. What were your government goals when you took office? Did they arrive so far?
Hello, thank you for giving me the opportunity to talk more about the organization and operation of government work, and more detailed exchange of results and views.
With regard to the rural development sector, the President of the republic listed it as one of the priorities since his election. Many projects supporting agriculture, animal husbandry and fisheries have had a real impact on the sector’s production. In terms of infrastructure, it has successfully launched transport infrastructure, new technology infrastructure, health and social infrastructure such as education. In short, significant projects have been carried out in the first stage of economic and social development. Once again, these are the results of a 58% vote in the first round by professor alpha conte.
We have just finished the second year of the President’s second term. The first thing he did at the start of the second mission was to lay the groundwork and launch the Souapiti dam. One project has twice as much capacity as the Kaleta dam. It is a challenge for the head of state to challenge the electrification of guinea. From this point of view, it has taken the initiative in the energy field, especially in the area of renewable energy. So today there is a real energy policy that supports big projects, backed by the President of the republic; These national interests will ensure that the state is self-sufficient in electricity,
In recent years, China has made significant progress in transparency and democratization. This has boosted foreign investment and stimulated economic growth. Can you briefly list the most significant socioeconomic changes? What are your predictions for the future?
When the President of the republic came to power, some of the institutions in guinea’s constitution did not operate, while others did not. For example, there is an agency called the national transitional council (NTC), which ACTS as parliament. Subsequently, parliamentary elections were held to formally establish the national assembly (parliament). It is also known as the “republican system”, a series of institutions that are set up in the guinean constitution. There are constitutional courts, which help to create conditions for the exercise of the rule of law. As for the judicial branch, the Supreme Court has been established. It plays a very important role today because it guarantees the independence of judicial officials in executive power. In short, it not only guarantees a certain degree of freedom in the judicial level, but also guarantees the correct application of the law. Other institutions have been established, such as the accounting court, the national institute for independent human rights (INDH), and the senior exchange authority (HAC).
About I had the privilege of leadership of the government, was established in early 2016 to early 2015, since the end of 2015, we have launched several policies put forward by the surrounding the different axis and the project number, requirements and incorporating them into a single coherent strategic framework. Since last year, we have been to develop and implement a plan for national economic and social development in 2020 (PNDES), which regulates all action framework of intervention to achieve development, realize the head of state by the prime minister’s mission assigned to our goal.
Through this plan, we have identified four (4) priority axes that will help achieve these objectives, with the primary purpose of improving the living conditions of our people. The first step is to promote good governance in the context of economic development; So, as a priority, our economic restructuring; The third axis involves the inclusive development of human capital, namely, education, health, employment and the living environment of the population. Finally, the fourth axis develops in the direction of environmental protection and sustainable development.
The government’s role is also to build a framework for domestic and foreign private investment in particular. We have established this framework to improve the business environment, encourage the holders of investment capital and provide security for their investments. Guinea is improving, every year it’s ranking position “doing business” since 2013, the world bank between 2013 and 2016, we won 13 seats, so that our country in the top 20 reformers in was named the world during this period. “Business environment report 2018” added 10 places; And guinea is the five most reformed countries in the world bank’s competitive investment rankings for 2017.
Today, the government has an ambitious plan to develop road and rail transport personnel and goods. Some initiatives have also been linked to the development of mining projects. With regard to the port infrastructure, we have a project to expand the autonomous port of conakri, as well as some mining ports. We are also planning to build new mineral export ports. In road infrastructure, we built the connection Conakry Bridges and roads, and other countries, in order to improve the flow of people and goods, increase guinea between neighboring (Mali, sierra leone, ivory coast) and trade. Ivory coast, Senegal, guinea-bissau, Liberia.
These are areas where we expect to attract a lot of investment, and policy is also relevant.
Agriculture remains a priority in economic and social fields. Guinea has great potential in this area. The real potential of guinea, the largest exporter of bananas and pineapple in the late 1950s, has never been more prominent. The President of the republic since the first food security task has always attached great importance to and plans to continue with PASANDAD (accelerated food safety and nutrition and the sustainable agricultural development plan) a move in this direction. Grain crops (rice, Mr Mourinho, cassava, potato, etc.) and cash crops (pineapple, cashew nuts, coffee, cacao, oil palm, cotton, etc.) of the many initiatives has been launched, support from the government. The specific requirements for organic fertilizers will not rise to more than 60,000 tons in 2017. The government also assists producers to purchase their products directly at competitive prices and production sites. To improve the productivity of this sector, the government has identified various challenges posed by the agricultural sector.
Also in the countryside, we have some action on animal husbandry. Guinea is a country with a good breeding tradition, with some of the strongest cattle breeds, such as the endara variety. This explains the fact that some sub-regional countries are sourcing from guinea. Today, we intend to encourage investment through public-private partnerships to enhance this potential. The same is true of fisheries.
The end of 2017, China’s economic prospects are happy. In particular, we believe that our partners have committed to financing this ambitious PNDES – a point you just mentioned – to $21 billion. Will you be able to return to the original goals and the process after this event, in preparation for the donors’ conference in Paris last November?
In fact, with the development of PNDES in 2016-2020, financing demand is estimated at about us $14 billion; While some observers think these plans are too ambitious, we have managed to meet these funding needs well beyond our most optimistic expectations, winning $21 billion.
Accordingly, the Paris conference plans to submit this document to our financial partners who are working with us on all issues during the long month of preparation for PNDES. It was the culmination of a process that lasted nearly two years.
Funds will be provided to PNDES from 2016 to 2020 based on three types of interventions; That is to say, guinea, the development plan of the state budget funds from guinea, on the other hand from the public-private partnerships, finally all other aspects will be classified as moves from the private sector, because the share is by the agricultural, industrial, infrastructure, mining and other departments.
The next phase will be implemented; Our partners have been reassured by the quality of the government’s work and the clear vision of the heads of state, whose leadership can mobilize energy.
On the contrary, the prime minister, it is now necessary to think about the mechanism of disbursement of these funds to promote the development of the country. What has been done at this level?
The actions taken by the government have contributed to the improvement of the capacities of ministries and other agencies to absorb the funds provided for the implementation of domestic or foreign financing projects. In guinea, as in many countries, one of the key problems with the use of financial resources provided by the country itself and its financial technology partners is the low absorption capacity of these countries. Resources. In short, this deficiency runs through the entire life cycle of the project, from upstream research to the payment phase, including project formulation, implementation and procurement procedures. .
The relevance and role of the monitoring system or structure must also be considered in the theme of the workshop. In fact, the seminar is the proper way to spread method, in order to eliminate the appropriate project budget, financial and practical obstacles of the execution, and enable participants to improve the ability to absorb the external and internal resources. The implementation of the overall medium-term development strategy supported by PNDES and the effective use of funds and the consideration of social responsibilities will help to improve the absorption capacity of a country.
However, the government is taking strong measures to significantly improve its absorption capacity and ensure that all available funds are effectively mobilized to meet the needs of the people to the maximum extent possible.
Now let’s talk about the health prime minister; What are the biggest challenges to waste management in guinea?
Waste management, especially in our capital, is a hot issue, and we put it at the top of our agenda.
In this document, we did some observations and found that there were a lot of participants, which means there was a little bit of a distraction. We also found that disinfecting a city with millions of people is expensive and a complex job that requires real skill. It requires professionals. The challenge is clear. This is to professionalize the department while ensuring the best allocation of responsibilities and roles.
Based on these observations, we have been in contact with partners such as the eu and later the islamic development bank, who have agreed to support the government in establishing a viable and sustainable solution to the corruption problem. Health, and announced an estimated $50 million in substantial financial support.
National health and public health service (ANASP) is established by the head of state law, led by the prime minister chaired the inter-ministerial committee is responsible for the strategic documents, especially to provide equipment and infrastructure upgrades (mining dump, merge points, Conakry outside the new landfill), especially for reference operation.
Today, all stakeholders (departments, smes, local authorities and partners) continue to consult, and we will be able to provide appropriate and sustainable solutions as soon as possible.
Prime minister Donald trump has just identified Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and for his country. Open a new window on tensions in the region. What is guinea’s position on this issue?
International relations have indeed been quite substantial this year. But I want to the problem of Jerusalem, and more generally, the israeli-palestinian conflict, the years of guinea state with constant line director and head of state is often repeats, we are a two-state solution (Palestine and Israel). It was also the position of most members of the United Nations that condemned the unilateral U.S. decision on December 21 (128 votes against 9 votes and 35 abstentions).
“Africa’s solution to Africa’s problems,” said President alpha conte. Do you think Africa is ready to face the problems facing the continent?
I fully subscribe to the vision of the head of state, who has been reviewing many times during his tenure as President of the African union. In particular, as in Libya, we now see the consequences, with the cost of some foreign intervention.
We must now, through the gradual use of the reform proposals drafted by President kagame, to achieve our ambition and our desire for sovereignty, to master our destiny.
Let’s talk about you, prime minister. The founding member of the private consultative platform in guinea and the first President, you also served as President of the mining association of guinea and now the prime minister of the republic of guinea. What is the most valuable asset for a leader to succeed?
I think it’s important to be involved and take the initiative.
I worked in mining a few years ago. At the time, the industry faced many challenges, and the company I ran was facing many problems. Being the first guinea to run a mining company was a real barrier for me. I have a strong impression that when you are the leader of a company in guinea and a foreign private investor, there are more obstacles. Since this struggle had to be done in many ways, it was unthinkable to do it in the social context of the time. In fact, it is necessary to regularly discuss with governments or public institutions to address some of these difficulties. That’s why I turned to the chamber of mines that later became President. This is a way of talking to the authorities on behalf of the entire mining sector in guinea. This dialogue is important for the development of private enterprises, especially for foreign mining.
Then I realized that, in addition to mining, we had to make sure that the private sector worked in harmony. At this level, the difficulties are manifold. That’s why we started the private sector advisory platform in guinea. The platform brings together all employers and professional organizations in the private sector. We built this platform from the best organization of the time and the structured mining chamber’s model and motivation. At the end of the process, I was fortunate to be chosen by a private sector peer to be the first President of the private sector advisory platform (PCSPG) in guinea.
Therefore, in order to be able to in a consistent manner to the government and other public entities to speak, in the form of efficient coordination organization our actions, it is necessary to create this platform, let all private participants can participate in different departments. The purpose of this platform is to attend our so-called “private public dialogue”, its purpose is to discuss guinea private sector development, duly authorized representative of the department and the problems between public authorities.